Skip to main content

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power, 2nd Edition

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power, 2nd Edition

Robert C. Brown

ISBN: 978-1-119-41757-6 May 2019 376 Pages





A comprehensive examination of the large number of possible pathways for converting biomass into fuels and power through thermochemical processes

Bringing together a widely scattered body of information into a single volume, this book provides complete coverage of the many ways that thermochemical processes are used to transform biomass into fuels, chemicals and power. Fully revised and updated, this new edition highlights the substantial progress and recent developments that have been made in this rapidly growing field since publication of the first edition and incorporates up-to-date information in each chapter.

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power, 2nd Edition incorporates two new chapters covering: condensed phased reactions of thermal deconstruction of biomass and life cycle analysis of thermochemical processing systems. It offers a new introductory chapter that provides a more comprehensive overview of thermochemical technologies. The book also features fresh perspectives from new authors covering such evolving areas as solvent liquefaction and hybrid processing. Other chapters cover combustion, gasification, fast pyrolysis, upgrading of syngas and bio-oil to liquid transportation fuels, and the economics of thermochemically producing fuels and power, and more. 

  • Features contributions by a distinguished group of European and American researchers offering a broad and unified description of thermochemical processing options for biomass
  • Combines an overview of the current status of thermochemical biomass conversion as well as engineering aspects to appeal to the broadest audience
  • Edited by one of Biofuels Digest’s "Top 100 People" in bioenergy for six consecutive years

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power, 2nd Edition will appeal to all academic researchers, process chemists, and engineers working in the field of biomass conversion to fuels and chemicals. It is also an excellent book for graduate and advanced undergraduate students studying biomass, biofuels, renewable resources, and energy and power generation.

Chapter 1. Introduction to thermochemical processing of biomass into fuels, chemicals, and power
Xiaolei Zhang, Robert C. Brown

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Thermochemical conversion technology

1.3 Diversity of products: Electric Power, Transportation Fuels, and Commodity Chemicals

1.4 Economic considerations

1.5 Environmental considerations

1.6 Organization of book


Chapter 2. Condensed phase reactions during thermal deconstruction
Jake Lindstrom, Alexander Shaw, Xiaolei Zhang, Robert Brown

2.1 Introduction to condensed phase reactions during thermal deconstruction of biomass

2.2 Thermochemical processes

2.3 Understanding condensed phase reactions

2.4 Conclusions


Chapter 3. Biomass combustion
Bryan Jenkins, Larry Baxter, Jaap Koppejan

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Combustion systems

3.3 Fundamentals of biomass combustion

3.4 Pollutant emissions and environmental impacts


Chapter 4. Gasification
Karl Broer, Chad Peterson

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Fundamentals of gasification

4.3 Feed properties

4.4 Classifying gasifiers according to method of heating

4.5 Classifying gasifiers according to transport processes

4.6 Pressurized gasification

4.7 Products of gasification

4.8 Systems application


Chapter 5. Syngas cleanup, conditioning, and utilization
David Dayton, Brian Turk, Raghubir Gupta

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Syngas cleanup and conditioning

5.3 Syngas utilization

5.4 Summary and conclusions


Chapter 6. Fast pyrolysis
Robbie Venderbosch

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Fundamentals of pyrolysis

6.3 Properties of pyrolysis liquids

6.4 Fast pyrolysis process technology

6.5 Application of pyrolysis liquids

6.6 Chemicals

6.7 Catalytic pyrolysis

6.8 Concluding remarks


Chapter 7. Upgrading fast pyrolysis liquids
Karl Albrecht, Marifel Olarte, Huamin Wang

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Bio-oil characteristics and quality

7.3 Norms and standards

7.4 Physical pre-treatment of bio-oil

7.5 Catalytic hydrotreating

7.6 Vapor phase upgrading via catalytic fast pyrolysis

7.7 Other upgrading strategies

7.8 Products

7.9 Summary


Chapter 8. Solvent liquefaction
Arpa Ghosh, Martin Haverly

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Feedstocks for solvent liquefaction

8.3 Target products

8.4 Processing solvents

8.5 Solvent effects

8.6 Engineering challenges

8.7 Challenges


Chapter 9. Hybrid processing
Zhiyou Wen, Laura Jarboe

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Thermochemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass for fermentative substrates

9.3 Biological conversion of fermentative substrates into fuels and chemicals

9.4 Challenges of hybrid processing and mitigation strategies

9.5 Efforts in commercialization of hybrid processing

9.6 Conclusions and perspectives


Chapter 10. Costs of thermochemical conversion of biomass to power and liquid fuels
Mark Wright, Tristan Brown

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Electric power generation

10.3 Liquid fuels via gasification

10.4 Liquid fuels via fast pyrolysis

10.5 Liquid fuels via direct liquefaction

10.6 Liquid fuels via esterification

10.7 Summary and conclusions


Chapter 11. Life cycle assessment of the environmental performance of thermochemical processing of biomass
Adetoyese Olajire Oyedun, Edson Norgueira, Jr., Amit Kumar

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Life cycle assessment

11.3 LCA of thermochemical processing of biomass

11.4 Discussion on the application of LCA for thermochemical processing of biomass

11.5 Life cycle impact assessment

11.6 Conclusions