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Nanotechnology in Environmental Science, 2 Volumes

Nanotechnology in Environmental Science, 2 Volumes

Prof. Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain , Ajay Kumar Mishra

ISBN: 978-3-527-80886-1

Feb 2018

331 pages

$376.99

Description

An overview of the current state of nanotechnology-based devices with applications in environmental science, focusing on nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites.
The handbook pays special attention to those nanotechnology-based approaches that promise easier, faster and cheaper processes in environmental monitoring and remediation. Furthermore, it presents up-to-date information on the economics, toxicity and regulations related to nanotechnology in detail. The book closes with a look at the role of nanotechnology for a green and sustainable future.
With its coverage of existing and soon-to-be-realized devices this is an indispensable reference for both academic and corporate R&D.

Preface xxi

Volume 1

Part One Introduction: Change in Perspective due to

Nanotechnology for Environmental Techniques and Devices 1

1 Nanomaterials for Environmental Science: A Recent and Future Perspective 3
Sukanchan Palit and Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

1.1 Introduction 3

1.2 The Aim and Objective of the Study 3

1.3 Scientific Vision and Cognizance in the Field of Nanotechnology 4

1.4 Frontiers of Nanotechnology and the Vision for the Future 5

1.5 The Vision and Advancements in the Field of Nanotechnology 5

1.6 Recent Scientific Endeavor in the Field of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 6

1.7 The Status of Environment Today 7

1.8 Environmental Sustainability: Its Vision for the Future 8

1.9 Technological Vision and Scientific Objective in the Field of Application of Nanomaterials 8

1.10 Recent Scientific Research Pursuit in the Field of Nanomaterials and Its Applications 8

1.11 The Avenues Ahead in the Field of Nanotechnology Applications 10

1.12 Scientific Cognizance and Scientific Sagacity of Environmental  Engineering 11

1.13 Nontraditional Environmental Engineering Techniques 11

1.13.1 Scientific Doctrine of Advanced Oxidation Processes 11

1.14 Future Trends and Scientific Doctrine of Novel Separation Processes 13

1.15 Recent Scientific Research Pursuits in Membrane Science 13

1.16 Future Trends in Research and Development in Nanomaterials 15

1.17 Future Flow of Scientific Thoughts and the Scientific Progress 15

1.18 Conclusions 16

References 16

2 Atomic-scale Study of Fullerene Molecules on Semiconductor Surfaces 19
R.Z. Bakhtizin and A.I. Oreshkin

2.1 Introduction 19

2.2 STM Study of C60 Adsorption on Solid Surface 20

2.3 C60F18 on Si(111) 20

2.4 C60F18 on Si(100)-2 × 1 28

2.5 C60F36 on Si(111)-7 × 7 31

2.6 Conclusions 35

References 35

3 Recent Advances in Nanostructured Catalysts for Vehicle Exhaust Gas Treatment 39
Gennady Gerasimov and Michael Pogosbekian

3.1 Introduction 39

3.2 Diesel Oxidation Catalyst 40

3.3 Diesel Particulate Filter 42

3.4 Three-way Catalysts 48

3.5 Selective Catalytic Reduction 53

3.6 Lean NOx Traps 57

3.7 Conclusions 62

References 63

4 Analytical Applications of Nanoscale Materials for Water Treatment: A Review 71
Suvardhan Kanchi, Myalowenkosi I. Sabela, and Krishna Bisetty

4.1 Introduction 71

4.2 Significance of Nanotechnology for Wastewater Purification 72

4.3 Classification of Nanoadsorbents 74

4.4 Analytical Applications 85

4.5 Concluding Remarks and Prospects 109

Abbreviations 110

Acknowledgment 112

References 113

Part Two Carbon Nanomaterials for Environmental Devices and Techniques 125

5 Carbon Nanomaterials-based Nanocomposite as Emerging Field for Pollution Control 127
Sapna and Dinesh Kumar

5.1 Introduction 127

5.2 Carbon Nanotubes 128

5.3 CNT Sensors 129

5.4 Graphene 130

5.5 Fullerene 140

Acknowledgment 141

References 141

6 Nanocarbons in Agricultural Plants: Can be a Potential Nanofertilizer? 153
Anupriya Singh, Anshu Bhati, Gunture, Kumud Malika Tripathi, and Sumit Kumar Sonkar

6.1 Introduction 153

6.2 Organic Carbon-based Fertilizer as “Biochar” 155

6.3 Nanocarbons in Plant Growth 169

6.4 Conclusions 180

Acknowledgments 181

References 181

7 Adsorptive Removal of Antibiotics onto Graphene–Soy Protein Aerogel Composites from Aqeous Solution 191
Fei Yu, Yong Li, and Jie Ma

7.1 Introduction 191

7.2 Experiment 192

7.3 Results and Discussion 194

7.4 Conclusions 205

References 205

Part Three Functionalized Nanomaterial for Environmental Techniques 209

8 Photocatalysis: Activity of Nanomaterials 211
Tetiana Tatarchuk, Amalthi Peter, Basma Al-Najar, Judith Vijaya, and Mohamed Bououdina

8.1 Nanomaterials for Photocatalysis 211

8.2 Mechanism of Photocatalysis 212

8.3 Synthesis of Photocatalytic Materials 220

8.4 Phase Transition and Microstructure of Photocatalytic Materials 237

8.5 Optical and Magnetic Properties 244

8.6 Photocatalytic Activity 257

References 269

9 Functionally Active Nanomaterials for Environmental Remediation 293
Sangeeta Adhikari, N. Krishna Rao Eswar, Ajay Kumar Mishra,  Debasish Sarkar, and Giridhar Madras

9.1 Introduction 293

9.2 Concept of Integral Environmental Pollutants 294

9.3 Purpose of Functionally Active Nanomaterials 294

9.4 Functionally Active Nanomaterials 295

9.5 Potential Methods for Environmental Remediation 295

9.6 Functionally Active Nanomaterials for Remediation of Environmental Pollutants 298

9.7 Conclusions and Future Directions 308

References 308

10 Functionalized Nanomaterial for Environmental Techniques 315
Maher Darwish and Ali Mohammadi

10.1 Introduction 315

10.2 Nanomaterial-based Environmental Techniques 316

10.3 Limitations of Nanomaterials Used for Environmental  Techniques 317

10.4 Methods of Nanomaterials’ Functionalization 317

10.5 Nanomaterial–Functional Groups Bonding Types 319

10.6 Functionalization and Applications of Silica-based Nanomaterials 320

10.7 Functionalization and Applications of Carbonaceous Nanomaterials 324

10.8 Functionalization and Applications of Metal and Metal Compound Nanomaterials 332

10.9 Conclusions 336

References 336

Part Four Nanoseparation Devices for Environment 351

11 Comprehensive Treatment of Industrial Wastewater with Membrane Separation Technology: From Hybrid Process to Novel Devices 353
Xiaobin Jiang, Gaohong He, Jianchao Cai, Wu Xiao, Xiangcun Li, Xuemei Wu, and Xuehua Ruan

11.1 Introduction 353

11.2 Membrane and Membrane Process for Industrial Wastewater Treatment 354

11.3 Applications of Membrane Process for Wastewater Treatment and Comprehensive Recovery 366

11.4 Novel Devices for Process Intensification and Fouling Control 374

11.5 Conclusions and Perspective 380

Acknowledgments 381

References 381

12 A Review on the Advancements of Nanomembranes for Water Treatment 391
Lavanya Madhura and Shalini Singh

12.1 Introduction 391

12.2 Separation Mechanisms in Nanofiltration 395

12.3 Fabrication and Modification of Nanofiltration Membrane 396

12.4 Application to Water Treatment 400

12.5 Fouling 404

12.6 Conclusions 406

Acknowledgment 407

References 407

13 Manipulating Grouping Dynamics of Nanoscale Boron Particles as Basis for Environmentally Friendlier Combustion and Efficient Filtration 413
David Katoshevski and Levan Chkhartishvili

13.1 Boron Particles and Powders: A Review 413

13.2 Clustering of Particles in Oscillating Flow: From the Nanometric to the Hundred-micrometer Size Range 422

Acknowledgments 435

References 435

Volume 2

Part Five Nano-Lab on Chip for Environment 443

14 Nanosensor in Gas Monitoring: A Review 445
Nurhidayatullaili Muhd Julkapli and Samira Bagheri

14.1 Introduction 445

14.2 Sensing Technologies in Petroleum Industries 446

14.3 Nanosensor Technology 447

14.4 Conclusions 461

Acknowledgment 461

References 462

15 Plasmonic Nanomaterials for SERS Detection of Environmental Pollutants 473
Mengke Su and Honglin Liu

15.1 Introduction 473

15.2 About SERS 475

15.3 Environmental Pollution and SERS Detection 478

15.4 Plasmonic Materials for Raman Enhancement 481

15.5 Future Perspective 499

References 501

Part Six Bionanomaterial-based Devices for Environment 515

16 Bionanomaterials as Emerging Sensors in Environmental Management 517
Deepali Sharma, Suvardhan Kanchi, and Myalowenkosi Sabela

16.1 Introduction 517

16.2 Electrochemical Sensors 523

16.3 Applications 524

16.4 Conclusions 535

References 536

17 Role of Bionanomaterial-based Devices in Water Detoxification 543
Priyanka Joshi and Dinesh Kumar

17.1 Introduction 543

17.2 Classical Approaches of Metals 544

17.3 Biosynthesis of Nanoparticles 545

17.4 Characterization Techniques 550

17.5 Wastewater Remediation 550

17.6 Future Perspectives of Green Synthesized Nanoparticles 559

17.7 Conclusions 560

Acknowledgment 560

References 561

18 Nanocellulose as Promising Material for Environmental Applications 579
M. Laura Soriano and Celia Ruiz-Palomero

18.1 Introduction 579

18.2 Analytical Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 580

18.3 Connection of Analytical and Environmental Sciences 581

18.4 Nanocellulose 582

18.5 Different Formats of Nanocellulose-based Sorptive Microextraction 584

18.6 Nanocellulose as Sensor of Contaminants 591

18.7 Promoting Crystallization in Gel Media 592

18.8 Conclusions 592

References 593

19 Functionalized Nanomaterials for Pollution Abatement 599
Himani Medhi and Krishna G. Bhattacharyya

19.1 Introduction 599

19.2 Preparation of Functionalized Nanomaterials 602

19.3 Application of Functionalized Nanomaterials in Pollution Abatement 613

19.4 Conclusions 630

References 631

20 Biopolymers: A Natural Support for Photocatalysts Applied to Pollution Remediation 649
Diseko Boikanyo, Ajay Kumar Mishra, Shivani B. Mishra, and Sabelo D. Mhlanga

20.1 Introduction 649

20.2 Biopolymers: Introduction and Definition of Terms 654

20.3 Immobilization of Photocatalysts on Supports 658

20.4 Survey of Biopolymer-supported Photocatalysts for Pollution Remediation 662

20.5 Conclusions 676

Ackowledgments 677

References 677

21 Bioinspired Nanocomposites for Adsorptive and Photo-assisted Decontamination of Wastewater 685
Akeem Adeyemi Oladipo

21.1 Introduction 685

21.2 Composite and Nanocomposite Materials 687

21.3 Bioinspired Nanocomposite Materials 692

21.4 Environmental Application of Bioinspired Nanocomposites 697

21.5 Summary and Prospects 705

Acknowledgment 706

References 706

Part Seven Toxicity, Economy, Legalization of Nanotechnology 711

22 Economic Aspects of Functionalized Nanomaterials for Environment 713
John Judith Vijaya, Thambidurai Adinaveen, and Mohamed Bououdina

22.1 Introduction 713

22.2 Carbon Nanomaterials for Environmental Devices and Techniques 717

22.3 Functionalized Nanomaterials for Environmental Techniques 721

22.4 Nanoseparation Device for Environment 723

22.5 Magnetic Nanomaterials for Environment 724

22.6 Bionanomaterial-based Devices for Environment 726

22.7 Nano-lab on a Chip for Environment 727

22.8 Toxicity, Economy, and Legalization of Nanotechnology 729

22.9 Nanotechnology: A Green and Sustainable Vision 730

22.10 Conclusions 732

References 732

23 Engineered Nanoparticles’ Toxicity: Environmental Aspects 737
Neetu Talreja and Dinesh Kumar

23.1 Introduction 737

23.2 Distribution of Nanoparticles Based on Composition 738

23.3 Common Methods of Engineering of Nanoparticles 739

23.4 Toxicity Based on Physicochemical Properties of NPs 741

23.5 Toxicity of Some Widely Used ENPs to Environmental Organisms 742

23.6 Effect of ENP Toxicity on Plants 745

23.7 Effect of ENP Toxicity on Humans 747

23.8 Metal Toxicity Mechanism 748

23.9 Conclusions and Future Perspective 750

Acknowledgment 751

References 751

Part Eight Nanotechnology: A Green and Sustainable Vision 759

24 Nanotechnology: Key for Sustainable Future 761
Amit Kumar, Susmita Dey Sadhu, and Rajeev Singh

24.1 Introduction 761

24.2 History 762

24.3 Methods of Preparation 762

24.4 Application of Nanotechnology for Sustainable Future 771

References 792

25 Nanotechnology: Greener Approach for Sustainable Environment 805
Ambika and Pradeep Pratap Singh

25.1 Introduction 805

25.2 Classification of Nanomaterials 806

25.3 Synthesis of Nanoparticles 807

25.4 Applications of Green Nanotechnology 811

25.5 Prospects 815

25.6 Conclusions 816

References 816

Conclusions 825
Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain and Ajay Kumar Mishra

Index 829