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Environmental Microbiology and Microbial Ecology

Environmental Microbiology and Microbial Ecology

Larry L. Barton, R.J.C. McLean

ISBN: 978-1-118-96626-6

Feb 2019, Wiley-Blackwell

500 pages

Select type: Hardcover

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$129.95

Description

Microbial Ecology 2e covers the ecological activities of microbes in the biosphere with an emphasis on microbial interactions within their environments and communities, and provides insights into relevant methodologies for characterization of microorganisms in the environment.  In thirteen concise and timely chapters, the book presents a broad overview of this rapidly growing field, explaining the basic principles in an easy-to-follow manner.  Using an integrative approach, it comprehensively covers traditional issues in ecology as well as cutting-edge content at the intersection of ecology, microbiology, environmental science and engineering, and molecular biology.  The primary focus is on the single cell forms of prokaryotes (bacteria and archaea) with additional attention to cellular forms of algae, fungi and protozoans.  The book provides factual information and seeks to stimulate the reader by suggesting areas where research is incomplete and additional focus is needed.  Through the use of "Spotlights" the contribution or activities of several senior microbial ecologists are highlighted and these spotlights serve to emphasize the diversity of research avenues in microbial ecology.  These features make this an ideal textbook for graduate or upper-level undergraduate students in biology, microbiology, ecology, or environmental science.  It also serves as a highly useful reference for scientists and environmental professionals.

The authors draw upon their extensive experience in teaching microbiology to address the latest hot-button topics in the field, such as:
• Ecology of microorganisms in natural and engineered environments
• Advances in molecular-based understanding of microbial phylogeny and interactions
• Microbially driven biogeochemical processes and interactions among microbial populations and communities
• Microbial activities in extreme or unusual environments
• Ecological studies pertaining to animal, plant, and insect microbiology
• Microbial processes and interactions associated with environmental pollution

Reasons for a second edition: Our knowledge of the microbial world and microbial interactions within the environment (Microbial Ecology) is rapidly changing and it is necessary to provide the latest information and literature sources for these areas. Since there were some delays in getting the manuscript ready for publishing, some of the references are now somewhat dated. Most importantly, the chapter (Chapter 5) concerning methodologies for assessing microbial communities and community relationships needs to be addressed and this chapter will be the focus of our greatest changes of the existing text. Two additional chapters are proposed that would cover communication (oral and written) in the area of microbial ecology. Since undergraduate/initial graduate level courses often require research proposals, a short chapter addressing the writing, review of scientific research articles and presentation of ideas would be new to this book.  Communicating research findings to public audiences has become increasingly important and a chapter putting forth best techniques for public audience communication will be included.

The initial chapter defines/identifies the focus of the book. The second chapter emphasizes the community relationships of microorganisms and it is followed by
a series of chapters that reviews/emphasizes our understanding of the microorganisms
and their interactions/activities in the environment. The central set of
chapters address the central activites and interactions of microorganisms as
one pursues the various environments where microorganisms may persist. The
final chapter addresses some areas where new approaches in research is
providing information that gives a unique insight into microorganisms. Topics
in the final chapter indicate the direction of future research in environmental
microbiology and microbiology ecology and may serve as excellent points for
discussion.   



 



2. Working Table of
Contents (TOC), – if based on previous TOC, please clearly indicate
revisions (boldface, underline, etc.)



 



Ecological
and Environmental Microbiology



 



Larry and Bob



 



Outline of Text



 



Preface



 



Chapter
1. Introduction 



            Overview and focus



            Central themes of environmental
microbiology and microbial ecology



            Diverse types of prokaryotes



            Complexity of interactions



            Bacteria as control agents in
microbial populations



            Evolution of bacteria and archaea



            Application of metagenomics and
proteonomics



            Summary



            Discussion questions



            Suggested reading



            References



Chapter
2.  Microbial communities



            Overview and focus



            Mixed populations: Biofilms



            Dynamics of mixed communities:
energy sources and nutrition



            Communication



            Summary



            Discussion questions



            Suggested reading



            References



 



Chapter
3. Terresterial Systems



            Overview and focus



            Soil



            Desert



            Subsurface



            Deep subsurface
(including storage of nuclear waste)



            Cave microbiology



            Summary



            Discussion questions



            Suggested reading



            References



 



Chapter
4. Aquatic systems



            Overview and focus



            Freshwater



            Marine



            Brackish environments



            Aquifer systems
(groundwater)



            Summary



            Discussion questions



            Suggested reading



            References



 



Chapter
5. Extreme environments



            Overview and focus



            Low nutrient surfaces (rock varnish, lichen)



            Volcanic surfaces



            Artic and Antarctic regions



                        Permafrost



                        Polar ice and waters



            Deep marine environments



            Summary



            Discussion questions



            Suggested reading



            References



 



Chapter
6. Mutualism between bacteria and plants



            Overview and focus



            Symbiotic systems with cyanobacteia including lichen



            Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (root
and stem)



            Mycorryzae



            Phyllosphere (normal flora)



            Summary



            Discussion questions



            Suggested reading



            References



 



Chapter
7. Mutualism of bacteria and animals



            Overview and focus



            Human
microbiome (GI tract, skin, genital tract)



            Polymicrobial
ingections



            Rumen
microbiology



            Selected
insect-microbe interactions (ant, mealybug, termite, etc )



            Summary



            Discussion questions



            Suggested reading



            References



 



Chapter
8. Nutrient cycles including geochemical cycles



            Overview and focus



            Nutrition and electron flow as
driving forces



            Cycling of macronutrients



                        Carbon



                        Nitrogen



                        Sulfur



                        Hydrogen



            Cycling of trace elements (iron,
manganese, selenium)



            Open systems and food webs



            Volatile products



                        Methane and methylation
reactions



                        Inorganic compounds (CO,
NO, H2S)



            Summary



            Discussion questions



            Suggested reading



            References



 



Chapter
9. Bacterial response to chemical pollution



            Overview and focus



            Activities (aerobic/anaerobic,
cometabolism, stress response)



            Population dynamics in degradation
of hydrocarbons



                        Oil spills



                        Volatile hydrocarbons
(methane, diesel fuel)



                         Coal tar products (polyaromatic hydrocarbons,
textile dyes)



            Metabolism of Xenobiotics



                        Detoxification of
organic compounds (herbicides, pesticides, explosives)



            Detoxification of metals and
metalloids



                        Natural environments        



                        Metals resulting from
industrial processes



            Biocorrosion



                        Metallic structures
(ferrous and nonferrous)



                        Weathering of rocks and
monument surfaces



                        Erosion of concrete



            Processes that may contribute to
surface water or aquifer contamination



                        Land fill (domestic
solid waste)



                        Waste water treatment
(municipal, domestic, animal feedlots)



                        Acid mines



            Summary



            Discussion questions



            Suggested reading



            References



 



Chapter
10.  Dynamics of bacterial communities



            Overview and focus



            Composting of plant material



            Decomposition of animal materials



            Succession of populations in
fermentation (plant materials, milk souring)



            Waste treatment systems (aerobic and
anaerobic)



            Nuclear waste storage



            Summary      



            Discussion questions



            Suggested reading



            References



 



Chapter
11.  Evolving dimensions in environmental
microbiology and microbial ecology



            Overview and focus



            Metagenomics



            Nanobacteria and nanostructures



            Gene transfer esp. horizontal



            Communication between bacteria



            Interspecies transfers (electrons,
acetate)



            Extracellular electron transport



            Bacterial endocrinology



            Changes in bacterial activity with
climate changes



            Gut flora as gasotransmitters



            Atmospheric
microbiology



            Summary



            Discussion questions



            Suggested reading



            References



 



Glossary



Index