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Building Urban Resilience through Change of Use

Building Urban Resilience through Change of Use

Sara J. Wilkinson (Editor) , Hilde Remøy (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-119-23144-8

Feb 2018, Wiley-Blackwell

216 pages

$116.99

Description

Describes all aspects of sustainable conversion adaptation of existing buildings and provides solutions for making urban settlements resilient to climate change

This comprehensive book explores the potential to change the character of cities with residential conversion of office space in order to withstand the negative effects of climate change. It investigates the nature and extent of sustainable conversion in a number of global cities, as well as the political, economic, social, technological, environmental, and legal drivers and barriers to successful conversion. The book also identifies the key lessons learned through international comparisons with cases in the UK, US, Australia, and the Netherlands.

Building Urban Resilience Through Change of Use covers the benefits and aspects of sustainable conversion adaptation through the whole lifecycle from inception, planning, and design, to procurement, construction, and management and operational issues. It illustrates and quantifies, through empirical research, the changes that have been achieved or delivered in sustainable conversion adaptation. The book gives an overview of all aspects of performance characteristics and the conversion adaptation of existing buildings. In the end, it enables planners to make more informed decisions about whether conversion adaptation is a good choice—and if so, which types of sustainability measures are best suited for projects.

  • Provides detailed, empirical knowledge based on real-world research undertaken in five countries over three continents on both a citywide scale and on individual buildings 
  • Case studies and exemplars demonstrate the application of the knowledge in North and South America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and in Europe
  • Addresses the key themes of technology, finance and procurement, and the regulatory framework

The first research-based book to examine how to improve resilience to climate change through sustainable reuse of buildings, Building Urban Resilience Through Change of Use is a welcome book for researchers and academics involved in building surveying, urban development, and sustainability planning.

About the Editors ix

Contributor Biographies xi

Acknowledgements xv

Foreword: Resilience as a ‘Lens’ for Driving the Adaptive Capacity of Cities xvii

Chapter 1 The Context for Building Resilience through Sustainable Change of Use Adaptation 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Scale of the Problem: From City to Building Scale 4

1.3 Definitions of Key Terms 6

1.4 Background and Scope 8

1.5 The Notion of Urban Resilience 9

1.6 Synopsis 13

1.7 Summary 17

References 18

Chapter 2 Precinct]scale Innovation and the Sharing Paradigm 21

2.1 Introduction 21

2.2 The Emergence of the Sharing Paradigm 24

2.3 Potential Benefits of the Sharing Paradigm for Cities and Precincts 25

2.4 How Building and Land Conversions Could Help Enable the Sharing Paradigm 27

2.5 Conclusions: Sharing the City 35

References 36

Chapter 3 Planning Policy Instruments for Resilient Urban Redevelopment: The Case of Office Conversions in Rotterdam, the Netherlands 39

3.1 Introduction 39

3.2 Conceptual Planning Policy Instruments 41

3.3 Planning Policy Instruments in Rotterdam 46

3.4 Classifying and Evaluating Policy Instruments in Rotterdam 51

3.5 Conclusions 54

References 54

Chapter 4 Adaptation and Demolition in a Masterplan Context 57

4.1 Introduction 57

4.2 Literature Review 58

4.3 Methodology 64

4.4 Analysis 67

4.5 Conclusion 75

4.6 Planned Continuation of Research 77

References 78

Chapter 5 Sustainable Design and Building Conversion 83

5.1 Introduction 83

5.2 Durability: Measuring ‘Long Life’ 85

5.3 Adaptability: Measuring ‘Loose Fit’ 86

5.4 Sustainability: Measuring ‘Low Energy’ 88

5.5 Case Studies 89

5.6 A Framework for Evaluation of Urban Renewal Projects 91

5.7 The Application and Implications of Life Cycle Costing 99

5.8 Conclusion: Implications for Future Practice 100

References 102

Chapter 6 Top]up: Urban Resilience through Additions to the Tops of City Buildings 105

6.1 Introduction 105

6.2 Top]up Context 105

6.3 Top]up Typology 108

6.4 Top]up and Heritage 109

6.5 Case Studies 111

6.6 Urban Resilience 115

6.7 Conclusion 118

References 118

Chapter 7 Conversion Potential Assessment Tool 121

7.1 Introduction: Why Adaptive Reuse? 121

7.2 Opportunities and Risks 122

7.3. Conversion Meter 126

7.4 Conversion Meter Case Studies 142

7.5 Lessons Learned from Case Studies 143

7.6 Concluding Remarks 148

7.7 Next Steps 148

References 149

Chapter 8 Rating Tools, Resilience and Sustainable Change of Use Adaptations 153

8.1 Introduction 153

8.2 Sustainability in Building Adaptation: Drivers and Barriers 154

8.3 Leading Rating Tools and Conversion Adaptation 156

8.4 Resilience Challenges 168

8.5 Conclusions 171

References 172

Chapter 9 Conclusions on Building Resilience through Change of Use Adaptation: A Manifesto for the Future 175

9.1 Introduction 175

9.2 Overview of Resilience Issues, Sustainability and Change of Use Adaptation 175

9.3 Qualities of Resilient Systems in the Context of Conversion Adaptation 182

9.4 Resilience and Sustainable Conversion Adaptation 183

9.5 The Manifesto for Sustainable and Resilient Conversion Adaptation 184

9.6 Moving Forward 185

9.7 Conclusions 186

References 187

Appendix 9.A Checklists for Building Resilient Cities though Sustainable Change of Use 188

Index 193