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Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals, 8th Edition

Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals, 8th Edition

Anna Dee Fails, Christianne Magee

ISBN: 978-1-119-23976-5

Apr 2018, Wiley-Blackwell

592 pages

$79.99

Description

Revised and updated, the eighth edition of Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals remains the essential resource for detailed information on farm animal anatomy and physiology.  

  • Offers a revised edition to this comprehensive guide to the anatomy and physiology of farm animals
  • Presents learning objectives in each chapter for the first time
  • Adds new material on endocrine and metabolic regulation of growth and body composition
  • Features additional illustrations to enhance comprehension
  • Includes a companion website that offers supplemental content, including word roots, clinical cases, study and practice questions, the images from the book and additional images, diagrams, and videos to enhance learning.

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Acknowledgment

About the Companion Website

Chapter 1 Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomical Nomenclature, Directional Terms, and Planes of Section

Microscopic Anatomy: Animal Cells and Tissues

Epithelial Tissues

Connective Tissues

Muscle Tissue

Nervous Tissue

The General Plan of the Animal Body

Chapter 2 Anatomy and Physiology of the Cell

Properties of Life

Chemical Composition of the Cell

Water

Proteins

Lipids

Carbohydrates

Inorganic Substances

Acids, Bases and pH

Microscopic Study of the Cell

Light Microscopy

Electron Microscopy

The Cell Membrane

Structure of the Membrane

Intercellular Contact and Adhesion

Transport Across Cell Membranes

Simple and Facilitated Diffusion

Osmosis

Active Transport

Membrane Potentials and Excitable Cells

Resting Membrane Potential

Excitable Cells and Action Potentials

Membrane Receptors and Intracellular Signaling

Cytoplasm and Cytoplasmic Organelles

Cytoplasm

The Golgi Apparatus

The Endoplasmic Reticulum and Ribosomes

Mitochondria

Lysosomes

Other Structures

Nucleus

Structure of the Nucleus

DNA and DNA Replication

RNA: Transcription and Translation

Biotechnology

Cell Division

Mitosis

Meiosis

Regulation of Cell Growth and Replication

Chapter 3 Embryology

Development of Germ Layers

Principles of Differentiation

Neurulation

Mesodermal Differentiation

Teratogenesis

Chapter 4 The Skeletal System

Functions of Bones

Terminology

Classification of Bones According to Gross Appearance

Axial Skeleton

Skull

Vertebral Column

Sternum and Ribs

Appendicular Skeleton

Thoracic Limbs

Pelvic Limbs

Chapter 5 Microscopic Anatomy and Growth and Development of Bone

Microscopic Anatomy and Formation of Bone

Ossification

Endochondral (Intracartilaginous) Ossification

Intramembranous Ossification

Physiology of Bone

Bone Mechanics and Remodeling

Calcium of Bone

Fractures and Fracture Healing

Other Pathologic Conditions

Chapter 6 Joints

Classification of Joints

Fibrous Joints

Cartilaginous Joints

Synovial Joints

Other Synovial Structures

Movements of Joints

Types of Synovial Joints

Joints of the Axial Skeleton

Joints of the Appendicular Skeleton

Joints of the Thoracic Limb

Joints of the Pelvic Limb

Pathology of Joints and Related Structures

Chapter 7 Anatomy of the Muscular System

Types of Muscle Tissue

Skeletal Muscle Organization

Muscle Attachments

Functional Grouping of Muscles

Synovial Structures

Muscles of the Thoracic Limb

Extrinsic Muscles of the Thoracic Limb

Muscles Acting on the Shoulder Joint

Muscles Acting on the Elbow

Muscles Acting on the Distal Limb

Muscles of the Pelvic Limb

Muscles Acting on the Hip Joint

Muscles Acting on the Stifle

Muscles Acting on the Distal Limb

Muscles of the Head

Muscles of Mastication

Muscles of Facial Expression

Other Muscles of the Head

Muscles of the Trunk and Neck

Extensors of the Vertebral Column

Flexors of the Vertebral Column

Abdominal Muscles

Muscles of Respiration

Chapter 8 The Equine Foot and Passive Stay Apparatus

Structure of the Foot

Bones and Cartilages

Cornified Tissues

Tendons

Ligaments

Synovial Structures

Function

Concussion and Storage of Energy

Stay Apparatus

Thoracic Limb

Pelvic Limb

Chapter 9 Microscopic Anatomy and Physiology of Muscle

Skeletal Muscle

Structure

Excitation, Contraction, and Relaxation

Strength of Contraction

Drugs That Affect Skeletal Muscle Function

Types of Muscle Contraction

Smooth Muscle

Structure

Stress–Relaxation

Contraction and Relaxation

Role and Sources of Calcium

Action Potentials and Slow Waves

Autonomic Innervation

Cardiac Muscle

Excitation and Contraction

Cardiac Hypertrophy

Chapter 10 Anatomy of the Nervous System

Microscopic Neuroanatomy

Embryology

Central Nervous System

Brain

Meninges

Spinal Cord

Peripheral Nervous System

Spinal Nerves

Cranial Nerves

Autonomic Nervous System

Sympathetic Nervous System

Parasympathetic Nervous System

Enteric Nervous System

Chapter 11 Physiology of the Nervous System

Functional Regions of the Neuron

Physiology of the Nerve Impulse

Conduction Velocity and Myelination

Synaptic Transmission

Neurotransmitters

Neural Control of Skeletal Muscle

Reflexes Involving Skeletal Muscle Contraction

Voluntary Movement

Physiology of the Autonomic Nervous System

Regulation of Autonomic Nervous System Activity

Autonomic Neurotransmitters and Their Receptors

Regeneration and Repair in the Nervous System

Chapter 12 Sense Organs

Sensory Receptors

Somatosensation

Pain

Proprioception

Touch

Visceral Sensations

Chemical Senses

Gustation

Olfaction

Hearing and Balance

External Ear

Middle Ear

Internal Ear

Physiology of Hearing

Mechanisms of Balance

Vision

Ocular Adnexa

Globe

Lens

Visual Field and Light Path

Visual Pathways of the Brain

Chapter 13 Endocrinology

Hormones and Their Receptors

Chemical Classes of Hormones

Eicosanoids

Hormone Receptors

Cellular Effects of Peptide Hormones

Cellular Effects of Steroid and Thyroid Hormones

Negative and Positive Feedback Regulation

Hypothalamopituitary Axis

Hormones of the Neurohypophysis

Hormones of the Adenohypophysis

Growth Hormone

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone

Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone

Other Endocrine Glands

Parathyroid Glands

Pancreatic Islets

Epiphysis (Pineal Gland)

Chapter 14 The Integument

Integument

Skin

Epidermis

Dermis

Hypodermis

Adnexa of the Skin

Hair

Glands

Modified Epidermis

Hooves

Horns

Dewclaws

Chestnuts and Ergots

Coat Color in Horses

Wool

Chapter 15 Blood and Other Body Fluids

Blood

Formed Elements of Blood and Hematopoiesis

Erythrocytes

Platelets

Leukocytes

Plasma and Serum

Blood pH

Hemostasis and Coagulation

Platelets and the Endothelium

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Coagulation Pathways

Lymph

Serous Fluids

Chapter 16 Body Defenses and the Immune System

Nonspecific Defenses

Specific Immune Response

B Lymphocytes

Immunoglobulins

T Cells and Cell-Mediated Immunity

Lymphocyte Origin, Development, and Residence

Active and Passive Immunities

Immunological Surveillance

Lymphatic System

Lymphatic Vessels

Lymph Nodes

Spleen

Thymus

Tonsils

Chapter 17 Anatomy of the Cardiovascular System

Heart

Pericardium

Cardiac Anatomy

Vessels

Blood Vessels

Lymphatic Vessels

Pulmonary Circulation

Systemic Circulation

Aorta

Arterial Distribution to the Head

Arterial Distribution to Thoracic Limb

Arterial Distribution to Pelvic Limb

Veins

Cranial Vena Cava

Caudal Vena Cava

Portal System

Fetal Circulation

Chapter 18 Physiology of the Heart and Circulation

Basic Design and Function of the Cardiovascular System

Cardiac Cycle

Systole

Diastole

Heart Sounds and Murmurs

Echocardiography

Electrical Activity of the Heart

Sinoatrial Node and Heart Rate

Atrioventricular Node and Other

Specialized Conductive Cells in the Heart

Electrocardiography and Arrhythmias

Cardiac Output and Its Regulation

Ventricular Filling and Stroke Volume

Cardiac Contractility and Stroke Volume

Structure and Function of Blood Vessels

Microscopic Structure of Blood Vessels

Function of Blood Vessels

Regulation of Arterial Blood Pressure and Blood Volume

Neural Reflexes

Humoral Agents

Paracrine Agents

Cardiovascular Function During Exercise and Hypovolemia

Chapter 19 The Respiratory System

Upper Respiratory Tract

Nose

Paranasal Sinuses

Pharynx

Larynx

Trachea and Bronchi

Thorax

Lungs

Pleura

Physiology of Respiration

Ventilation

Gas Exchange

Gas Transport in Blood

Control of Ventilation

Chapter 20 Anatomy of the Digestive System

Organization of the Digestive System

Mouth

Teeth

Tongue

Pharynx

Tonsils

Esophagus

Simple Stomach

Ruminant Stomach

Ruminoreticulum

Omasum

Abomasum

Small Intestine

Large Intestine

Ruminants

Pig

Horse

Peritoneal Features

Accessory Digestive Organs

Salivary Glands

Pancreas

Liver

Chapter 21 Physiology of Digestion

Pregastric Physiology

Prehension and Chewing

Saliva and Salivary Glands

Swallowing

Ruminant Forestomach

Fermentative Digestion

Forestomach Motility

Reticular, or Esophageal, Groove

Omasum

Gastric Physiology

Gastric Glands and Secretions

Gastric Motility

Physiology of the Small Intestine, Exocrine Pancreas, and Liver

Small Intestine Secretions and Motility

Exocrine Pancreas

Liver Digestive Functions and Secretion of Bile

Nutrient Absorption in the Small Intestine

Physiology of the Cecum and Colon

Cecum and Colon of the Horse

Rectum and Defecation

Neuroendocrine Control of Feeding

Chapter 22 Nutrition and Metabolism

Nutrition

Metabolism

Absorptive State: Anabolism

Postabsorptive State: Catabolism

Energy Needs During Exercise

Blood Glucose in Ruminants

Ketosis

Chapter 23

The Urinary System

Anatomy of the Kidney

Blood and Nerve Supply

Ureters, Urinary Bladder, and Urethra

Micturition

Overview of Function and Histology of the Kidneys

Glomerular Filtration

Proximal Tubule Transport

Concentration and Dilution of Urine: Role of the Loop of Henle and Collecting Duct Transport

Sodium Chloride and Water Reabsorption by the Loop of Henle

Collecting Duct Transport and Antidiuretic Hormone

Osmotic Regulation of Antidiuretic Hormone

Polyuria and Polydipsia

Sodium, Potassium, and Aldosterone

Urine Acidification

Regulation of Acid-Base Balance

Extracellular and Intracellular Buffers

Classification of Alkalosis and Acidosis and Compensation

Chapter 24 Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System

Testis

Epididymis

Ductus Deferens

Scrotum

Inguinal Canal Descent of the Testis

Castration

Accessory Sex Glands

Ampullae

Vesicular Glands

Prostate Gland

Bulbourethral Glands

Penis

Prepuce

Muscles of the Male Genitalia

Blood and Nerve Supply of the Male Genitalia

Chapter 25 Physiology of Male Reproduction

Seminiferous Tubules and Spermatogenesis

Seminiferous Tubules

Germ Cells and Spermatogenesis

Spermatozoa Morphology and Spermatogenesis

Rates and Timing of Spermatogenesis

Epididymis

Semen and Semen Technology

Hormones of Male Reproduction

Endocrine Regulation of Testicular Function

Testosterone and Its Effects

Erection and Ejaculation

Chapter 26 Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

Ovaries

Uterine Tubes

Uterus

Vagina

Vestibule and Vulva

Blood and Nerve Supply of the Female Reproductive Tract

Chapter 27 The Ovary and Estrous Cycles

Oogenesis

Secondary Follicles

Hormones and Follicular Development

Ovulation

Luteinizing Hormone Surge

Spontaneous and Reflex Ovulators

Seasonal Transition

Corpus Luteum

Phases of the Estrous Cycle

Proestrus

Estrus

Metestrus

Diestrus and Anestrus

Puberty

Specifics of Selected Estrous Cycles

Mare

Cow

Ewe

Sow

Chapter 28 Pregnancy and Parturition

Fertilization

Spermatozoa Transport and Viability

Gamete Fusion and Early Embryonic Development

Implantation and Placentation

Hormones of Pregnancy

Progesterone

Equine Chorionic Gonadotrophin

Relaxin

Pregnancy Diagnosis

Parturition

Late Gestation

Initiation of Parturition

Oxytocin

Fetal Presentations and Delivery

Dystocia

Chapter 29 Anatomy and Physiology of the Mammary Glands

Mammary Glands of the Cow

Suspensory Apparatus

Blood Supply

Lymphatic Vessels

Microscopic Anatomy of the Mammary Gland

Mammary Glands of Swine

Mammary Glands of Sheep and Goats

Mammary Glands of the Horse

Physiology of Lactation

Composition of Milk

Milk Secretion

Lactogenesis

Galactogenesis

Milk Ejection or Letdown

Colostrum

Cessation of Lactation

Chapter 30

Poultry

Integument

Body Design

Skeleton and Bone

Musculature

Gastrointestinal System

Respiratory System

Ventilation and Gas Exchange

Cardiovascular System

Lymphatic System

Urinary System

Female Reproductive System

Egg Formation and Oviposition

Male Reproductive System

Sex Chromosomes

Reproduction and Photoperiods

Appendix: Abbreviations

Bibliography

Index